You probably tried this already, but last time I got weird errors (some months ago: access rights errors upon startup, last week: very poor system performance) I emptied /userdata/tmp/ and /userdata/cache/ and everything worked great afterwards. Maybe worth a try.
Thank you for your answer, I had already tried that. I have since determined that the cause was an incorrect installation of a specific addon. Now I can start the container again without any error messages.