InfluxDB in RRD style

For those who do or want to use influxdb but are afraid that the database might grow uncontrollably, I found a way to let influxdb behave like a RRD (Round-Robin) database by grouping and downsampling data.
By default, influxdb stores everything in full resolution forever, but you can define your own retention policies and continuous queries to downsample older data.

I cannot tell how well that will work in the long run (only have been using influxdb for a few days now), but I thought I’d share how I did it:

https://bostik.iki.fi/aivoituksia/projects/influxdb-cascaded-downsampling.html

BTW, the scripts on that site are not entirely correct, a semicolon has to be added at the end of every command. For your convenience, I’ll post my scripts, feel free to change the retention times to your liking.

And when deleting the autogen retention all data associated with that retention policy is deleted, so if you already have your database with data in it you’ll need to dump the data and re-insert it.

CREATE DATABASE openhab;
CREATE RETENTION POLICY "1m_for_24h" ON openhab DURATION 24h REPLICATION 1 DEFAULT;
CREATE RETENTION POLICY "10m_for_7d" ON openhab DURATION 7d REPLICATION 1;
CREATE RETENTION POLICY "30m_for_30d" ON openhab DURATION 30d REPLICATION 1;
CREATE RETENTION POLICY "1h_for_365d" ON openhab DURATION 365d REPLICATION 1;
CREATE RETENTION POLICY "1d_for_3650d" ON openhab DURATION 3650d REPLICATION 1;
CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY "cq_1m_for_24h" ON "openhab"
BEGIN
  SELECT mean(*) INTO "openhab"."1m_for_24h".:MEASUREMENT FROM /.*/ GROUP BY time(1m),*
END;

CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY "cq_10m_for_7d" ON "openhab"
BEGIN
  SELECT mean(*) INTO "openhab"."10m_for_7d".:MEASUREMENT FROM openhab."1m_for_24h"./.*/ GROUP BY time(10m),*
END;

CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY "cq_30m_for_30d" ON "openhab"
BEGIN
  SELECT mean(*) INTO "openhab"."30m_for_30d".:MEASUREMENT FROM openhab."10m_for_7d"./.*/ GROUP BY time(30m),*
END;

CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY "cq_1h_for_365d" ON "openhab"
BEGIN
  SELECT mean(*) INTO "openhab"."1h_for_365d".:MEASUREMENT FROM openhab."30m_for_30d"./.*/ GROUP BY time(1h),*
END;

CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY "cq_1d_for_3650d" ON "openhab"
BEGIN
  SELECT mean(*) INTO "openhab"."1d_for_3650d".:MEASUREMENT FROM openhab."1h_for_365d"./.*/ GROUP BY time(1d),*
END;
4 Likes

Do I need to delete the autogen retention policy? I can’t see a command that would do so in your example, so is it safe to run this without losing all the data?

Blast from the past :wink:

You don’t have to. You just need to make sure that the default retention policy (where new data is put into) has the correct duration and replication set.

In hindsight, I’d advise against calling your default retention policy “1m_for_24h”. That’s fine for either influxdb or grafana, but openhab seems to have a problem with the underscores. Meaning that I currently can put data into the retention policy, but the openhab scripts for retrieving historical data (20 minutes ago or something like that) quit working as of OH 3.0. As few people renamed their default retention policy, the problem doesn’t get addressed. That obviously applies to any retention policy you want openhab to retrieve data from.

On the other hand, influxdb has had the request for the ability to rename retention policies in their books for years, and didn’t do anything, either.

1 Like

@Tron So with a default influx installation I could just leave the autogen policy there and create the other but in camelCase or something, is that correct?
So does the DEFAULT at the end automatically override it or do I have to edit autogen?

What is CamelCase?

I do not know how the standard autogen retention is defined, but AFAIK it doesn’t expire so you have to modify it:
https://docs.influxdata.com/influxdb/v1.8/query_language/manage-database/#modify-retention-policies-with-alter-retention-policy

How it works is basically this: every retention policy keeps its data for the DURATION and expires data after that. So before that happens, the data needs to be condensed and put into the next policy. That’s what continuous queries do, they group that data into mean values, corresponding to the retention policy’s resolution, and put it into the next retention policy. The DEFAULT just specifies into which retention policy new data goes, which would be the first one.