Best hardware platform

(Holger OpenhabUser) #82

I am running Openhabian + Mosqito on a RPI3 with an Toshiba 32GB ultra SD card for now about 1.5 years without any issue related to data corruption. eMMC as alternative to SD card makes no difference, this is the same device only as BGA to be soldered to the board.

(John Chiasson) #83

Not yet, and that unit has been stable for quite a while. I have another
cn60 running lubuntu 17.10 that hung doing some compiles
just this morning. I wish I had time to investigate since these are nice
boxes for the money. I will keep using them
and do a watchdog reboot with the arduino as a failsafe if it becomes a
recurring theme. I’m curious about the Intel NUC
line too. I haven’t searched to see if there are any issues with those
under linux yet.

(2devnull) #84

I recently converted running my home router to LEDE (from an EdgeRouter Lite) on one of these (the i3 one) and it has perform extremely well. I have a bunch of cn60 as OpenElec clients to my central media server and those too have been flawless for years. I ipxe boot those so I usually take out the SSD and put it into its own SATA encloure as boot drives for other things. Yes, I like these chromeboxes a lot and find them very versitile for many purposes and sometimes you can get these for a steal.

I want to run OH2 in my ESXi as a VM though so I can use XSI backups. But I need to have my Z-wave stick on the ground floor in a central location for a good mesh design therefore trying to find the best way to run the z-wave stick and get the info back to the VM.

If I do use the chromebox for an all-in-one solution, I can still backup using dd, but it will be a bit cubersome but doable since it will be placed up (cupboard top) high to keep it out of site.

The good thing with the MrChromebox bios, is that you can boot via USB and use that to backup the SSD and then reboot back to the SSD and resume. With the VM, it is more on-line. I also have the option to boot via ipxe if OH2 supports it easily and backup the LVM on the main server like I do for OpenElec.

Not quite sure which route to go as yet.

(Rich Koshak) #85

(Fastcar550) #86

Check out Virtual Here, works with Linux, Synology, Windows. Works with a RFLink, not sure if it would work with the Z-stick. Only 50.00 for unlimited devices on a single server. Allows unlimited clients. The trial will allow you to fully test it out.

(2devnull) #87

Thanks…it is very interesting but a client/server architecture for this simple use-case seems a bit overkill…but, will consider it an option should the ser2net/socat not work out reliably.

(Fastcar550) #88

Seems like a server client setup with ser2net/socat

(2devnull) #89

Yes, working good so far. Not a separate server (product) required. Just a simple utility. Minimal requirements and resources. Using systemd to keep it connected. Had an old Beaglebone Black that I put Debian Stretch 1GB on its eMMC with the z-wave stick plugged in.

Thanks @rlkoshak, @snoekieboe and @happenpappen

(Markus Storm) #90

The Raspberry Pi Foundation has just announced the Pi 3B+.
Compared to Pi 3, it has a 17% faster CPU, GigEth and some PoE powered pins.
Same price. Details here (German only, sorry).

(Kjetil Volden) #91

Is there a good reason to believe that eMMC will suffer less corruption? I wouldn’t think so, as both are basically wrappers and controllers of a piece of flash-memory.

Have you considered whether your corruption issues can be solved by getting a large high quality SD card? High quality needs no explanation, but many people are not aware that more free space on your card gives you better wear leveling, preventing parts of the card to get prematurely worn out by too frequent writes. Also make sure your card has a suitable file system, like ext3 or ext4. File systems like NTFS, FAT, ext2 and some others rewrite data a lot more often than e.g. ext3 and ext4, and will cause your storage to wear more quickly.

(Vincent Regaud) #92

I was using a Raspberry pi and I hab the same problem. I switched the SD card for an external HD which helped but the raspi was too slow.
So I got myself a reconditionned thin client from ebay and I am very happy now.

(Crispin) #93

I saw the RPi announcement; nice but also disappointing. It delays the possibility of the RPi4 coming out soon.

I just bought one of these. Z83-w Will rip Windows off and put some flavour of Linux on to run OH2. For £80 you can’t argue with it…

(Markus Storm) #94

No, but to decide in favor of any particular HW is rather a compatibility/support thing.
Any Pi 2 or newer is fast enough to run openHAB well enough, and with millions out there in use, chances to NOT run into HW or OS related issues are higher, and if you still do, there’s much more likely someone out there to be able to help.

(Crispin) #95

Don’t disagree at all. I have many RPi’s running many things - OH2 is one of them. They are brilliant bits of kit.
My thinking behind this is rather the non-SD card approach to it. I’ve had a few failures which just create a headache.

Anyway, I do because I can :wink:
It’s a new toy and, 1 week on, it’s still not used :expressionless:

(Markus Storm) #96

Don’t get fooled, eMMC is not substantially better than SD w.r.t. wear-out caused failures. Check this post.

(Crispin) #97

I was actually reading that thread a few days ago and made some of the changes. Thanks :slight_smile:

(Rich Koshak) #98

Not preventing, just delaying. However, enough extra space on a high-quality SD card can extend its life beyond the expected operating life of your system. Thom D. posted a nice spreadsheet one can use to guesstimate how long your SD card should last given measured write rates (see post 63 above).

My biggest issue with SD cards is not that they wear out but that they do so silently. You don’t know there might be a problem until it is too late and things start to become corrupted. And then you have to go back through your backups manually to find which one is not corrupted.

(Kjetil Volden) #99

Well, not to be a stickler, but no. Preventing. I said it will prevent premature wear out. :wink: Anyway, I take your point about silent failures on SD cards, but this isn’t unique for SD cards. MMC and other memory cards, as well as USB flash drives, all have this problem. (Maybe some devices with eMMC have built in wear indication in the surrounding hardware – I really don’t know, but I wouldn’t bet on any specific one to have that without checking first.) To avoid silent failures with local storage, you probably need to use a proper hard drive, SSD or mechanical.

As a side note, I guess having a copy of a working, running stable image would be a good idea, combined with a non-local private git repository with all configuration files, where you commit and push every time you do a change. If you need to swap cards, you can just copy the image and git checkout the config.

(Pat Rooney) #100

After enduring two SD card failures on my Raspberry Pi, I came to the conclusion that it not a suitable platform for home automation. Here’s my reasons why:

Yes, the SD card can be replaced easily and cheaply, and a quick restore of data gets you back up and running, but a device that is central to the operation of your home should be of “fit it and forget it” quality. I looked at using an SSD drive with the Pi, but it looked more like a jumble of wires than a home control device.

Also, I have found that the Pi is just not stable enough, Hardly a week went by without it needing to be rebooted for some reason. This was just a standard Pi 3 with Openhabian on it. It’s taken a while for my family to accept home automation of lights, A/V and heating. But now it’s just part of how we live and failures are not tolerated. Coming home to a cold dark house on a winters evening because the Pi has hung again generates a lot of sadness, to say the least!

So, it is essential that the hardware platform is stable and can be relied on. The Pi does not meet these requirements in my opinion. My solution is an Intel NUC5CPYH with Openhabian on Ubuntu 16.04, but I am certain that any dedicated device that uses an HD or SSD would give similar results. This has totally transformed my use of OpenHAB. I am still in the process of migrating from a Vera Z-Wave network, but now I have the confidence that the hardware I am using is up to the job for the foreseeable future. There have been zero hangs or crashes, and the performance is more than adequate.

The Raspberry Pi is an excellent, cheap device that I still use for testing, but I don’t think it’s up to the job of running a home automation system 24/7/365.

(Kjetil Volden) #101

I think people have different experiences here. I ran Z-Way for two years on a Pi 2B with Raspbian on a 16 GB quality SD card and had zero SD failures. A few months ago I switched to running openHAB on the same Pi with a 32 GB quality SD card. Maybe I will be proven wrong, but I’m not expecting any SD card failures any time soon.

That said, if openHAB supported rsyslog to enable remote logging, SD cards would wear even slower.